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FREEDOM IN INDONESIAN FILM INDUSTRY: THE STUDY OF REMAKE-FILM PRODUCTIONS | Bahruddin | Proceeding International Conference on Media and Communications in Southeast Asia


Muh. Bahruddin, Eriyanto Eriyanto



The objective of this study is to reveal how the market plays in the massively
produced remake-films by the Indonesian film industry after 1998 reformation. This freedom era caused the quality of Indonesian films to decrease. Amidst the growth of short films made by social communities that bring out issues in the society in early 2000, some Indonesian film industry even produced low-quality, semi-pornographic, and violent films. This resulted in increasingly tight regulation of cinema. Many films were censored for violating cultural and
religious norms. The massively produced remake-films are presumed to offer big profit in the market. Even these recycled films are not only considered capable of reaping potential market profits but are also considered safe from movie censorship agencies. This study uses the literature review method to see how the market plays in the film industry. Structural and economic based approaches are widely used in viewing movies as the media. There are many forces, both from within and outside the media determining the film production process. Dennis McQuail describes mass communicators working under pressure from various roles of outside forces, including clients (e.g. advertisers), competitors (other media as a whole), authorities (especially law and politics), experts, other institutions, and audiences. Vincent Mosco sees the political economy as concerned with media ownership, production, consumption and distribution of media, power-control, relations with authorities, entrepreneurs, critical views of
the media and its relation to the reconstruction of human civilization. Nevertheless, there is still hope that the media (film) can give birth to quality cultural products despite the pressures from inside and outside. Although remake-films are still massively produced by Indonesian film industry up to now, Anthony Giddens in structuration theory says that the social actors
reproduce or change a condition by re-establishing what has been in the continuity of praxis.

Keywords: Film Industry, Post-reform, Freedom, Remake-films, Political Economy

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