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CULTURE ASSIMILATION BETWEEN TORAJA/TIONGHOA ETHNIC AND BUGINESE/MAKASSAR AS ACTIONS TO PREVENT CONFLICT OF ETHNICITY, RELIGION, RACE, AND INTER-GROUP RELATIONS IN SOUTH SULAWESI | Bahfiarti | Proceeding International Conference on Media and Communications in Southeast Asia

CULTURE ASSIMILATION BETWEEN TORAJA/TIONGHOA ETHNIC AND BUGINESE/MAKASSAR AS ACTIONS TO PREVENT CONFLICT OF ETHNICITY, RELIGION, RACE, AND INTER-GROUP RELATIONS IN SOUTH SULAWESI

Tuti Bahfiarti, Jeanny Maria Fatimah, Arianto Arianto, Aswin Baharuddin

Abstract


The assimilation of communication between ethnic Toraja/Tionghoa and Ethnic
Bugis/Makassar is the process of assimilation of two different cultures. The process of
assimilation formation occurs due to inter-ethnic communication mixing done continuously.
This is an attempt to reduce cultural differences, such as language, gestures, non verbal,
attitudes, beliefs, traits, values and mind orientation. The goal is to reduce communication
distortion as an effort to prevent SARA (Ethnicity, Religion, Race, and Inter-group) conflict in
South Sulawesi Province. The assimilation of inter-ethnic communication can lead to a
new/mixed culture to prevent Ethnic, Religion, Race, Intergroup oriented conflict.
The research method is done through qualitative paradigm with interpretative approach
based on uniqueness and specification of study which can not be generalized. Data collection
techniques were conducted through in-depth interviews and Focuss Group Discussion with
religious leaders, community leaders, in Luwu Utara District and Tana Toraja. Reasons for
Representative chose the location because there was direct contact between the ethnic groups
that became the focus of this research.
The process of communication assimilation stage between ethnic Toraja/Tionghoa and
Bugis/Makassar ethnic is the first step of learning as inter-ethnic activity that adapt each other.
Second, the impersonation stage as an activity of inter-ethnic cultural understanding. Third, the
stages of change are marked by mutual understanding of the use of symbolic inter ethnic
Toraja/Tionghoa and Ethnic Bugis/Makassar. Symbolic or verbal behavior is an activity of
interaction where the delivery and reception of messages is done through conversation,
language exchange, and understanding the use of everyday language. The assumption of
cultural assimilation is based on longer and more open inter-ethnic interactions increasingly
likely to result in cultural assimilation, especially ethnic minority groups, namely ethnic
Toraja/Tionghoa.

Keywords : Culture Assimilation, Toraja/Tionghoa Ethnic, Buginese/Makassar Ethnic, South
Sulawesi.


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